Van Otlu Peynir (Van herbed cheese) is a special type of cheese originating from the Lake of Van area. It is made from sheep’s milk with addition of herbs. About 25 different weeds can be used for production of this cheese. The main ones are: sirmo, mendi, heliz, wild mint and thyme.
Winemaking in the Upper Mesopotamia enjoys a very long history and the roots of it go back more than six millennia. The spread of Islam in this area seriously damaged it due to ban on alcohol. But Middle East christians keep the traditions of local winemaking alive up to now.
Mardin is very old city which was founded several thousands years ago at the mountains of the Northern Mesopotamia. The development of the Great Silk road gave rise to this city. Under the walls of the Mardin fortess the caravans found shelter and took a rest before going to Amed (present Diyarbakır) or Edessa (now Şanlıurfa).
Kars is not a big city but it’s the largest in the northeast part of Turkey after Erzurum. It is famous inside Turkey not only because of historic sights but also local cheese production.
Künefe is traditional Middle East dessert made from cheese pastry soaked in sugar-based syrup. Now it’s very popular all around Turkey.
Pearl Mullet (İnci Kefali in Turkish, Latin Alburnus Tarichi) is an unique fish which can be found only in Lake Van and is endemic to it. This lake is the largest in Turkey and located in the far east of that country. Because of a saline soda water another species of fish cannot live in Lake Van.
Cağ kebabı is uniquely type of lamb kebab which originated from the Erzurum province. In point of fact, it is just kind of döner cooked on the horizontal roasting jack.
Along with tea, coffee in Turkey can rightly be considered as a national drink.
Usually when you are ordering something in any Turkish restaurant or simple cafe you get not only main dish from menu but it is served with one or more salad, different kinds of sauces, spiced onion plate and traditional eastern type bread also like “Lavaş”.